Skip to main content

APA 6th edition: Academic Writer & How-to Videos

APA Citation Generator Tool

How-to Videos: Citing References in Text

Citing References in Text

Learn how to cite references in the text, including how to implement the basic formats, cite multiple works, achieve clarity, and format references with missing author and/or date information.

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

Secondary Sources

Learn how to use and cite secondary sources, that is, sources that discuss or cite material originally presented in another, or primary, source.

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

Direct Quotations and Paraphrasing

Learn how to cite and format direct quotations and block quotations, make and indicate changes to direct quotations, and cite paraphrased material.

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

Personal Communications

Learn how to cite personal communications, including emails, classroom lectures, personal interviews, text messages, letters, and telephone conversations, as well as how to cite or discuss other types of interviews, such as recoverable interviews or research participant interviews that serve as a data source for your study.

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

How-to Videos: How to format article references

Journal Article Reference

Learn how to format references for journal articles, including those published in print, online, or retrieved from research databases.

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

Magazine Article Reference

Learn how to format references for magazine articles, including those published in print, online, or through mobile apps.

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

Newspaper Article Reference

Learn how to format references for newspaper articles, including those published in print and online and those that may lack an official author.

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

How-to Videos: How to format web resource references

Website Reference

Learn how to format references for any material found on websites, including lecture notes or PowerPoint slides.

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

Blog Post Reference

Learn how to format references for blog posts, including those published by authors using real names, user names, or a combination of both.

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

Social Media Reference

Learn how to format references for social media material, including pages and updates from Twitter, Facebook, and Google+.

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

How-to Video: How to format personal communication references

Personal Communications

Learn how to cite personal communications, including emails, classroom lectures, personal interviews, text messages, letters, and telephone conversations, as well as how to cite or discuss other types of interviews, such as recoverable interviews or research participant interviews that serve as a data source for your study.

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

How-to Videos: APA Style

Basic Setup

Learn how to set up an APA Style paper, including setting the typeface, line spacing, margins, and page header.

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

Reference Elements

Learn about the four reference elements of an APA Style reference: the author, date, title, and source.

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

Alphabetizing the Reference List

Learn how to arrange entries in the reference list, including how to alphabetize multiple works by the same author, the same author and date of publication, different authors with the same surname, group authors, or no author.

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

How-to Videos: How to format book references

Book Reference

Learn how to format references for whole books, including both authored books and edited books.

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

Book Chapter Reference

Learn how to format references for chapters in edited books, meaning those books where each chapter is written by a different author (cite the whole book if the same author has written all chapters).

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

How-to Videos: How to format audiovisual References

Audiovisual Material Reference

Learn how to format references for audiovisual material, including streaming videos (e.g., YouTube videos), television shows, movies, podcasts, music recordings, and artwork.

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

How-to Videos: Copyright and Permissions

Copyright and Permissions

Learn how to acknowledge copyright and obtain permission when reproducing or adapting copyrighted work, including when to acknowledge copyright, how to abide by principles of fair use, and how to reproduce material from the Internet.

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.