Sometimes citation is too concretely connected with Academic Integrity--often taken to be integrity's equivalent, in understandings such as 'citation lets us avoid plagiarism'. The nuts-and-bolts of citation of course have a very important role in teaching Academic Integrity but should not be substituted for it. We find, for example, that students who have the understanding that citation permits the evasion of plagiarism have particular difficulties with practices related to integrity. Absent a deeper understanding of the broader reasons for identifying the sources of words and ideas, students commit misconduct.
This resource is based on two principles. The first is the pedagogical principle that it's generally more effective to point students towards, rather than ward away from, a behaviour. In other words, rather than offering citational skills as a means to ward off plagiarism, this resource motivates the understanding of what citation permits students to do; how it enables communication and learning. Second, this resource demonstrates how citation, construed broadly, is a natural rather than unnatural mode of communication. We 'cite' -- we refer to others' words, thoughts, and ideas -- every day of our lives and in every communicative situation. Scholarly citation of course has its particular forms and patterns -- and students must acquire these, according to their area of study -- but citation across its many contexts shares more similarities than differences. Citation is essential to communication. Acknowledging these similarities allows students to connect their lived experience with new scholarly practice.
This tool is based on scholarship from Academic Integrity, Writing Studies, and Reported Speech.
Inclusion: practices related to Academic Integrity are inclusive ones. By identifying the sources of our words and ideas, by speaking to the circulation of knowledge broadly, we include within ours the perspectives of others.
New Ways of Thinking: to expand intellectual horizons we stand on the shoulders of giants. Following from inclusion, where citation permits entry into a fascinating world of knowledge generation, citational practice permits pushing the limits of our knowledge and, through synthesis and discovery, motivates new ways of thinking.