Skip to Main Content

Disinformation, Misinformation, and "Fake News": Home

Find resources for evaluating news sources and identifying disinformation and misinformation.

Disinformation, Misinformation and "Fake News"

Fake news is information based on untrue facts or "no information at all" that may mislead readers into believing and/or possibly spreading the news further (Burkhardt, 2017, p. 8). Fake news has attracted media attention since the U.S. 2016 election, but as a matter of fact, it has been around ever since rumors and false stories have existed (Burkhardt, 2017; Washington State University, 2017). According to Burkhardt, some reasons behind creating fake news include entertainment, advertisement revenue, and spreading a biased opinion.

Image Source: "The fin de siècle newspaper proprietor" by Frederick Burr Opper is licensed under CC0 1.0 / Cropped from original

*NEW!* Fake News (Translated in Punjabi)

How does fake news spread?

  • Word of mouth
  • Printed / Online Media (e.g. newspapers, magazines)
  • Telecommunication (e.g. radio, television, Internet)
  • Social media (e.g. Facebook, Twitter)
  • Bots (computer code) (e.g. social bots, political bots)
  • Circular Reporting


Profile Photo
Liz Fulton-Lyne
10215 – 108 Street NW Room 2-167B
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T5J 1L6

Related Guides


Burkhardt, J. M. (2017). Combating fake news in the digital age. Library Technology Reports, 53(8), 5-33. Retrieved from

Washington State University. (2017). Evaluating news: "Fake news" and beyond. Retrieved from