Modern Language Association (MLA) Style is commonly used in Humanities courses, such as English, for citing references in papers.
There are 2 parts to documentation in MLA Style:
Things to note about Core Elements of the Works Cited:
The Author element lists the primary creator of the work you are citing. The general format for the Author element:
Last Name, First Name, Middle Initial.
*The general format for a source with two authors: Last Name, First Name, and First Name Last Name.
Scully, Dana, and Fox Mulder.
*The general format for a source with three or more authors: Last Name, First Name Initial., et al.
Scully, Dana, et. al
The Author element can be:
The Title of Source element lists the title of the work you are citing. The general format for the Title of source element:
Title: Subtitle. or "Title: Subtitle."
"Spring, Mountain, Sea." contained in The Secrets of a Fire King.
The Title of source element can be:
|poem||play||television series||television episode||website|
A container is a work that contains another work (for example, a journal is the container of an article). The general format for the Title of container element:
The Secrets of a Fire King, containing "Spring, Mountain, Sea."
Academic Search Complete, containing AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples, containing "It's in Our Blood."
The Title of container element can be:
|periodical||play||television series||website||comic book series|
|digital database||streaming media provider||online network||digital platform|
A contributor are people, groups, or organizations that contribute to a work without being the primary author. The general format for the Other contributors element:
contributed by First Name Last Name,
edited by John W. Chalmers, et al.,
Created by I. Marlene King,
The Other contributors element can be:
The general format for the Version element:
xxth Canadian ed., (ed.=edition)
If the source includes a note indicating that it is a version or edition of the work, include it in your entry. The Version element can be:
If the source you are citing is part of a sequence, such as a numbered volume or issue, then we will also include this number. The general format for the Number element:
vol. xx, no. xx, (vol.=volume; no.=number)
vol. 11, no. 2,
season 4, episode 9,
The Number element can be:
|volume||issue number||season||episode||division number|
The publisher is responsible for making the source available. The general format for the Publisher element:
Producer of Source, (city of publication is omitted unless it is pre-1900)
Oxford UP, (UP=University Press)
Quat'sous Films / Wild Bunch,
The Publisher element can be:
|blog network||division of company|
The publication date lets the reader know when the version of the source you are citing was published. The general format for the Publication date element:
xx Mon. YEAR, xx:xx a.m./p.m.,
19 May 2016, 1:55 p.m.,
The Publication date element can be:
The location of a source depends on its format. The general format for the Location element:
pp. xxx-xxx. or www.xxxx. or doi:xx.xxxx. or place.
youtu.be/upsZZ2s3xv8. (URL/web address without http://)
Chateau Lacombe Hotel, Edmonton. (live presentation or a physical object seen in person)
The Location element can be:
|page number||range of page numbers||URL||DOI||disc number|
|place and city||city||archive number||venue and city|