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APA 7th edition

Formatting

  • A Running head is no longer required for student papers. 
  • Title is in bold, with one space between title and Student Name. 
  • A single space is used after any body-text punctuation.
  • Fonts may be Times New Roman 12 pt, Calibri 11pt, Arial 11pt, Lucida Sans Unicode 10pt, and Georgia 11 pt.
  • New rules regarding formatting level headings and tables.

Below is a highlight of major changes between the 6th and 7th edition of APA Citation Style.

The APA Style website has provided a document that captures all updates. 

 

In-text citations 

In-text citations with more than 3 authors use et al.

New: 
(Binfet et al., 2018)

 

Old:
(Binfet, PassmoreCebryStruik,& McKay, 2018)

 

 

References:

Author names:

References include up to 20 authors names. 

New:
Durán Agüero, S., Araneda, J., Ahumada, D., Silva Rojas, J., Bonacich, R. B., Caichac, A., Salamanca, M. F., Villarroel, P., Fernandez, E., Pacheco, V., Martinovic, P. A., Wilson, W., Neira, A. M., Encina, C., & Tillería, J. M. (2020). A multicenter study evaluating the stages of change in food consumption with warning labels among Chilean university students. BioMed Research International. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/2317929

 

Old:
Durán Agüero, S., Araneda, J., Ahumada, D., Silva Rojas, J., Bonacich, R. B., Caichac, A., ... & Tillería, J. M. (2020). A multicenter study evaluating the stages of change in food consumption with warning labels among Chilean university students. BioMed Research International. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/2317929

 


Books:

Publisher location no longer required

New:
Graff, G. (2015). "They say/I say": The moves that matter in academic writing, with readings. C. Birkenstein & R.K. Russell. (Eds.). W.W. Norton & Company.

Old:
Graff, G. (2015). "They say/I say": The moves that matter in academic writing, with readings. C. Birkenstein & R.K. Russell. (Eds.). New York:, W.W. Norton & Company.


URLs

'Retrieved from' no longer used to present URL

New:
Malik, A. (2019, Dec. 23). Organizing through loss in the heart of oil country. Briarpatch Magazine. https://briarpatchmagazine.com/articles/view/organizing-through-loss-in-the-heart-of-oil-country

Old:
Malik, A. (2019, Dec. 23). Organizing through loss in the heart of oil country. Briarpatch Magazine. Retrieved from https://briarpatchmagazine.com/articles/view/organizing-through-loss-in-the-heart-of-oil-country


DOI

DOI listed with 'https://doi.org/' instead of 'DOI:'

New:
Kuder, S. J., & Accardo, A. (2018). What works for college students with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders, 48(3), 722–731. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-017-3434-4

Old:
Kuder, S. J., & Accardo, A. (2018). What works for college students with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders, 48(3), 722–731. DOI: 10.1007/s10803-017-3434-4

If articles use an older format, edit DOIs so all references reflect the current standard as in the example above.


If there is no DOI for an academic article, full publication details suffice. URL information is not provided. 

New:
McGreal, R. (2019). A survey of OER implementations in 13 Higher Education Institutions. International Review of Research in Open & Distance Learning, 20(5), 141–145.

 

Old:
McGreal, R. (2019). A survey of OER implementations in 13 Higher Education Institutions. International Review of Research in Open & Distance Learning, 20(5), 141–145. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?authtype=ip,uid&profile=ehost

 


eBook

Type not required: 

New:
Dimaline, C. (2019). The marrow thieves. https://www.amazon.com/Marrow-Thieves-Cherie-Dimaline-ebook/dp/B071J2HSS9/

Old:
Dimaline, C. (2019) The marrow thieves [Kindle version]. Retrieved from: https://www.amazon.com/Marrow-Thieves-Cherie-Dimaline-ebook/dp/B071J2HSS9

 

Inclusive and bias-free language

Writing inclusively and without bias is the new standard, and APA’s new publication manual contains a separate chapter on this topic.

The guidelines provided by APA help authors reduce bias around topics such as gender, age, disability, racial and ethnic identity, and sexual orientation, as well as being sensitive to labels and describing individuals at the appropriate level of specificity. Some examples include:

  • The singular “they” or “their” is endorsed as a gender-neutral pronoun.
  • A researcher’s career depends on how often he or she is cited.
  • A researcher’s career depends on how often they are cited.
  • Instead of using adjectives as nouns to label groups of people, descriptive phrases are preferred.
  • The poor
  • People living in poverty
  • Instead of broad categories, you should use exact age ranges that are more relevant and specific.
  • People over 65 years old
  • People in the age range of 65 to 75 years old

Streefkerk, R. (2019). APA Manual 7th edition: The most notable changes. https://www.scribbr.com/apa-style/apa-seventh-edition-changes/