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APA 7th edition

When using images in your assignment or PowerPoint for a class presentation, include the following:

  1. The word Figure followed by an Arabic number in bold.
  2. A caption that provides the title or brief description in italics and in title case (all major words capitalized) 
  3. The image
  4. Beneath the image the word Note is in italics, full stop, the word Source, colon, parenthesis, Creator name, year of creation, closed parenthesis, full stop. The format for this is as follows: 

Note. Source: (Creator, Year). 

Expand on the sections below to see in-text citation and reference examples.


Figure 1

Varied Structural Cross-Beams Utilized in the Eiffel Tower, Paris.

Note. Source: (Simpson, 2008, p. 23).

Include in reference list at the end of the paper:

Simpson, J.C. (2008). An architect's perspective of Paris [photograph]. Journal of Professional Travel 49(8). 


Figure 2

Pulteney Covered Bridge on the River Avon in Bath, UK.

Note. Source: (Reid, 2009, p. 213)

Include in reference list at the end of the paper:

Reid, J. (2009). Travels with my Aunt [photograph]. Where's That? Publishers.


Figure 3

Girl With Dog.

Note. Source: (Zarft, 2010).

Include in reference list at the end of the paper:

Zarft, K. (2010). Girl with dog [online image]. Pixbook.


Figure 4

Snowy Owl.

snowy owl

Note. Source: (Lee, 2017).

Include in reference list at the end of the paper:

Lee, J. (2017). Snowy owl [online image]. Wikimedia Commons.


For screenshots, cite the software in your reference using the following template:

Name of Group. (Date). Title of work (Version 1.2) [format]. Publisher or App Store. URL

(For more details and examples, see p. 273 of the Concise Guide to APA.)

The caption is a brief description of the image in italics followed by [screenshot by author] and the note below cites the software as the source:

Figure 5

Creating an Instagram account, Step 1 [screenshot by author].

Insta step 1

Note. Source: (Instagram, 2020).

Include in reference list at the end of the paper:

Instagram. (2020). Instagram from Facebook (Version 164.0). [Mobile app]. App store.


Images with no creator or title should be used as a last resort. Instead, use open source images that are in the public domain or find an alternative where it is clear who created the image. If you have no alternative, reference the image using the following template:

Figure 5

Bipolar Disorder, Range of Moods.

" "

Note. Source: [Bipolar disorder, range of moods, n.d.].


Include in reference list at the end of the paper:

[Bipolar disorder, range of moods]. (n.d.). Retrieved from


APA states that it is not necessary to cite yourself when using an unpublished image you took. However, if you would like to be cautious and include a reference and citation for these types of images, we suggest using the following as a guide:

Figure 6

Dog Laying On Pillow.

" "

Note. Source: (Nugent, 2021).

Include in reference list at the end of the paper:

Nugent, S. (2021, April 5). [Dog laying on pillow]. [Photograph]. Personal phone.


Figure 7 

AI Generated Image 

image of a white square







Note. Image generated by the prompt "Canadian Winter," by OpenAI, DALL-E, 2023.

Include in reference list at the end of the paper:;

Name of Group. (Year). Title of work (Version #) [Descriptor]. URL 


OpenAI. (2023). DALL-E (Version 2) [Large language model].  


When using creative commons (CC) licensed images you must provide attribution, we suggest using the following as a guide: "Title" (with hyperlink to image) by author is licensed under CC BY. (with hyperlink to license)

"Red Cross Nurse" by east_lothian_museums is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0.


When using free stock images, we suggest you provide attribution, such as: Photo by author (with hyperlink to website image)

Photo by Suhail Lone

You do not need a reference entry

  • If an image is reprinted and untitled, make up your own brief description as title.
  • Refer to figures in text by their number (Figure 1 or Figure 2), not as "the figure below" or "the figure above".
  • Text in a caption is sans serif font (Arial, Calibri, Helvetica, Futura). Font size must be between 8 and 14 point.
  • Everything is double-spaced.
As noted above, the direction from NorQuest Library is meant for class assignments or presentations.
For works that will be shared widely and professionally, consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association for information on copyright attribution (12.14-12.15).