When using images in your assignment or PowerPoint for a class presentation, include the following:
Note. Source: (Creator, Year).
Expand on the sections below to see in-text citation and reference examples.
Varied Structural Cross-Beams Utilized in the Eiffel Tower, Paris.
Note. Source: (Simpson, 2008, p. 23).
Simpson, J.C. (2008). An architect's perspective of Paris [photograph]. Journal of Professional Travel 49(8).
Pulteney Covered Bridge on the River Avon in Bath, UK.
Note. Source: (Reid, 2009, p. 213)
Reid, J. (2009). Travels with my Aunt [photograph]. Where's That? Publishers.
Girl With Dog.
Note. Source: (Zarft, 2010).
Zarft, K. (2010). Girl with dog [online image]. Pixbook. http://www.pixbook.ca/kzarft/2409357.
Note. Source: (Lee, 2017).
Lee, J. (2017). Snowy owl [online image]. Wikimedia Commons. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6d/Snowy_Owl_%28240866707%29.jpeg
For screenshots, cite the software in your reference using the following template:
Name of Group. (Date). Title of work (Version 1.2) [format]. Publisher or App Store. URL
(For more details and examples, see p. 273 of the Concise Guide to APA.)
The caption is a brief description of the image in italics followed by [screenshot by author] and the note below cites the software as the source:
Creating an Instagram account, Step 1 [screenshot by author].
Note. Source: (Instagram, 2020).
Instagram. (2020). Instagram from Facebook (Version 164.0). [Mobile app]. App store. https://apps.apple.com/app/instagram/id389801252?vt=lo
Images with no creator or title should be used as a last resort. Instead, use open source images that are in the public domain or find an alternative where it is clear who created the image. If you have no alternative, reference the image using the following template:
Bipolar Disorder, Range of Moods.
Note. Source: [Bipolar disorder, range of moods, n.d.].
[Bipolar disorder, range of moods]. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.helpguide.org/articles/bipolar-disorder/bipolar-disorder-signs-and-symptoms.htm
APA states that it is not necessary to cite yourself when using an unpublished image you took. However, if you would like to be cautious and include a reference and citation for these types of images, we suggest using the following as a guide:
Dog Laying On Pillow.
Note. Source: (Nugent, 2021).
Nugent, S. (2021, April 5). [Dog laying on pillow]. [Photograph]. Personal phone.
AI Generated Image
Note. Image generated by the prompt "Canadian Winter," by OpenAI, DALL-E, 2023.
Name of Group. (Year). Title of work (Version #) [Descriptor]. URL
OpenAI. (2023). DALL-E (Version 2) [Large language model]. https://labs.openai.com
When using creative commons (CC) licensed images you must provide attribution, we suggest using the following as a guide: "Title" (with hyperlink to image) by author is licensed under CC BY. (with hyperlink to license)
When using free stock images, we suggest you provide attribution, such as: Photo by author (with hyperlink to website image)
Photo by Suhail Lone
You do not need a reference entry