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APA 7th edition



Director, D. (Director). (Year). Title of film in italics [Film]. Production Company. 


Wright, J. (Director). (2013). The soloist [Film]. Dreamworks.



Author, A. (Year, Month Day). Title of video in italics [Format]. Platform. URL

Online film

Obomsawin, A. (2014). Trick or treaty? [Film]. National Film Board of Canada.


Henry, M. (2013, June 12). How cancer spreads (Metastasis) [Video]. YouTube.

National Cancer Institute. (2017, February 17). Metastasis: How cancer spreads [Video]. YouTube.

TED Talk from TED Talk website: 

Urban, T. (2016, February). Inside the mind of a master procrastinator [Video]. TED 2016 Conference.

TED Talk from YouTube:

TED. (2016, April 6). Tim Urban: Inside the mind of a master procrastinator [Video]. YouTube.


Source is name of site where image was retrieved.

Photographer known.

Creator, C. (Year). Title of work in italics if there is one [Medium or brief description in lieu of title]. Source. URL

NorQuest College Library. (2018). [Men thinking]. Facebook.



Creator, C. (Year). Image title in italics [Image type]. Source. URL.


Individual creator:

Lee, J. (2017). Snowy owl [online image]. Wikimedia Commons.

Organizational creator:

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH. (April 3, 2020). Mutation in autism-related gene [Image]. Flickr.

No creator? No title? No date?

[Bipolar disorder, range of moods]. (n.d). Retrieved April 6, 2020 from

  • If there is no creator, start the citation with the image title.
  • If there is no title, write a brief description in brackets in place of where the title would be.
  • If there is no date of publication, use (n.d.) but include the date you found the image with, 'Retrieved from Month Date, Year' before the URL.

The APA Style website has more examples of how to reference Audiovisual and Online Media