Author, A. (Year). Title of webpage in italics. Site Name. URL
Smith, M., & Robinson, L., & Segal, J. (2019). Depression symptoms and warning signs. HelpGuide. https://www.helpguide.org/articles/depression/depression-symptoms-and-warning-signs.htm
Name of Group. (Date). Title of webpage in italics. Site Name. URL
Webpage with publication date:
Zero to Three. (2016, February 25). Learning to write & draw. https://www.zerotothree.org/resources/305-learning-to-write-and-draw
Webpage with no publication date:
Federal Accessibility Legislation Alliance. (n.d.). Accessible Canada Act in plain language. https://www.include-me.ca/federal-accessibility-legislation-alliance/resource/accessible-canada-act-plain-language
Site Name same as group author:
Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Depression (major depressive disorder). https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/depression/symptoms-causes/syc-20356007
Site Name different than group author:
Open Education Global. (n.d.). Community of practice for open education. Community College Consortium for OER. https://cccoer.org
Name of association. (Date). Title of webpage in italics. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from URL
Worldometer. (n.d.). Countries in the world by population. Retrieved January 26, 2020, from https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/population-by-country/
Author, A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Name of website in italics. URL
Urban, T. (2013, July 8). 7 ways to be insufferable on Facebook. Wait But Why. https://waitbutwhy.com/2013/07/7-ways-to-be-insufferable-on-facebook.html
Geist, M. (2019, May 2). Does Canadian privacy law matter if it can't be enforced? http://www.michaelgeist.ca/2019/05/does-canadian-privacy-law-matter-if-it-cant-be-enforced/
Author. (Year). Title of entry. In Source Information in italics. Retrieved Month Day, Year from URL
Merriam-Webster. (n.d.). Argue. In Merriam-Webster dictionary. Retrieved December 8, 2016, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/argue
Author. (Year). Title of entry. In Source information in italics. Retrieved Month Day, Year from URL.
Cowie, D. (n.d.). A Tribe Called Red. In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 5, 2020 from https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/a-tribe-called-red
Instructor, A. (Year). Title of resource in italics [Resource description in brackets]. Name of institution. URL login for Moodle.
Sereda, S. (2020). The joys of research: How I learned to stop worrying and love the database [PowerPoint slides]. NorQuest College. https://myclass.norquest.ca/
Kaai, N. (2023, May 22). [Lecture notes on evidence-informed practice]. NorQuest College. https://myclass.norquest.ca/
External resources posted to Moodle (PDFs, PPTs, etc.) not created by Instructor.
Format according to source type and include Moodle login URL at the end:
Pagliuso, M. (2021). Chapter 3 - Information literacy for college students [PowerPoint slides]. Elite Academic Publishing. https://myclass.norquest.ca/
Nugent, S. (2019). Fascinating article. Random Magazine, 18-23. https://myclass.norquest.ca/
Fulton-Lyne, L. (n.d.). A beautiful poem. https://myclass.norquest.ca/
Cite what you see. If there is missing information, follow APA guidance: Missing Reference Information or ask your Instructor.
Author, A. (Year). Title of dataset italics [Description in brackets]. Publisher. DOI or URL
Bashir, R.N. (2023). Horticulture recommendation system [Dataset]. IEEE Dataport. https://dx.doi.org/10.21227/b24r-z076
City of Edmonton. (2021). Average monthly residential water consumption by neighbourhood 2016 - map view [Dataset]. City of Edmonton Open Data Portal. https://data.edmonton.ca/d/b7bj-t9wu
Presenter, A. (Year, Month Dates). Title of contribution in italics [Type of contribution in brackets]. Conference Name, Location. DOI or URL
Scmidt, J. (2018, May). Innovate this! Bullshit in academic libraries and what we can do about it [Paper presentation]. The Canadian Association of Professional Academic Librarians Conference, Regina, Saskatchewan. https://digital.library.ryerson.ca/islandora/object/RULA%3A7113
Surname, A. (Year, Month Day). Title of PowerPoint in italics [PowerPoint slides]. Site Name. URL
Simmon, R. (2014, January 25). Four public speaking tips from standup comedians [PowerPoint slides]. Slideshare. https://www.slideshare.net/rosssimmonds/four-public-speaking-tips-from-standup-comedians
Name of Group. (Year). Title of work in italics (Version #) [Descriptor]. URL
OpenAI. (2023). ChatGPT (Mar 23 version) [Large language model]. https://chat.openai.com/chat
These guidelines are based on how to cite software according to APA Citation Style. For an explanation of each element (Name of Group, Date, etc.), visit https://apastyle.org/blog/how-to-citechatgpt
Format: (Name of Group, Year)
Example: (OpenAI, 2023)
Text generated by ChatGPT cannot be retrieved in the same ways as an article or website. This means the person reading your paper won't be able to trace back to the source you used to verify your quoted or paraphrased text. However, you are responsible for clearly stating where ideas, facts, and statements come from. It is recommend that you identify the source within your writing. For example:
When prompted with the command, "Write a sentence about how cold Canadian winters are," ChatGPT generated the following text: "Canadian winters are notoriously cold and snowy, with temperatures often dropping well below freezing and snowfall lasting for several months" (OpenAI, 2023).
If you prompted the software to create a lengthy piece of text to consult, best practice would be to include the entire output as an Appendix to the assignment. For example:
Regarding long-term winter weather changes, ChatGPT noted, "winters are generally becoming milder and warmer in many parts of the world, including in many regions of Canada" (OpenAI, 2023; see Appendix A for the full transcript).
AI Generated Image
Note. Image generated by the prompt "Canadian Winter," by OpenAI, DALL-E, 2023.
Name of Group. (Year). Title of work (Version #) [Descriptor]. URL
OpenAI. (2023). DALL-E (Version 2) [Large language model]. https://labs.openai.com