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APA 7th edition

Webpages

 

Format: 

Author, A. (Year). Title of webpage in italics. Site Name. URL

Example:

Smith, M., & Robinson, L., & Segal, J. (2019). Depression symptoms and warning signs. HelpGuide. https://www.helpguide.org/articles/depression/depression-symptoms-and-warning-signs.htm

 

Name of Group. (Date). Title of webpage in italics. Site Name. URL

  • If author/association have the same name as the website, omit the Site Name.
  • When using multiple pages from the same site, each page has a separate reference.

  • Examples:

    Webpage with publication date:

    Zero to Three. (2016, February 25). Learning to write & draw. https://www.zerotothree.org/resources/305-learning-to-write-and-draw

    Webpage with no publication date:

    Federal Accessibility Legislation Alliance. (n.d.). Accessible Canada Act in plain language. https://www.include-me.ca/federal-accessibility-legislation-alliance/resource/accessible-canada-act-plain-language

    Site Name same as group author:

    Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Depression (major depressive disorder). https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/depression/symptoms-causes/syc-20356007

    Site Name different than group author:

    Open Education Global. (n.d.). Community of practice for open education. Community College Consortium for OER. https://cccoer.org

     
    • Retrieval information is included only if information may be updated or modified, such as census or population data.

    Format:

    Name of association. (Date). Title of webpage in italics. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from URL

    Example:

    Worldometer. (n.d.). Countries in the world by population. Retrieved January 26, 2020, from https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/population-by-country/

     

    Format

    Author, A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Name of website in italics. URL

    Example

    Urban, T. (2013, July 8). 7 ways to be insufferable on Facebook. Wait But Why. https://waitbutwhy.com/2013/07/7-ways-to-be-insufferable-on-facebook.html

    • Omit site name if same as author (as in example below). 

    Geist, M. (2019, May 2). Does Canadian privacy law matter if it can't be enforced? http://www.michaelgeist.ca/2019/05/does-canadian-privacy-law-matter-if-it-cant-be-enforced/‚Äč

     

    Online dictionaries, encyclopedia, etc.

    • Spelling should conform to the Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary
    • Cite what you see. If referencing an archived entry, and the full date of publication (2018, March 26) is not provided, use what information is available to you: (2018, March), (2018), or (n.d.) if there is no year of publication.
    • If you are using an entry that is continuously updated, use "n.d." as year of publication and include a retrieval date in (Month Date, Year) format.
     

    Format:

    Author. (Year). Title of entry. In Source Information in italics. Retrieved Month Day, Year from URL

    Example:

    Merriam-Webster. (n.d.). Argue. In Merriam-Webster dictionary. Retrieved December 8, 2016, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/argue

     

    Format:

    Author. (Year). Title of entry. In Source information in italics. Retrieved Month Day, Year from URL. 

    Example: 

    Cowie, D. (n.d.). A Tribe Called Red. In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 5, 2020 from https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/a-tribe-called-red

     

    Other web resources

     

    Format: 

    Instructor, A. (Year). Title of resource in italics [Resource description in brackets]. Name of institution. URL login for Moodle.

    Example:

    Sereda, S. (2020). The joys of research: How I learned to stop worrying and love the database [PowerPoint slides]. NorQuest College. https://myclass.norquest.ca/

    or

    Kaai, N. (2023, May 22). [Lecture notes on evidence-informed practice]. NorQuest College. https://myclass.norquest.ca/


    External resources posted to Moodle (PDFs, PPTs, etc.) not created by Instructor.

    Format according to source type and include Moodle login URL at the end:

    Pagliuso, M. (2021). Chapter 3 - Information literacy for college students [PowerPoint slides]. Elite Academic Publishing. https://myclass.norquest.ca/

    Nugent, S. (2019). Fascinating article. Random Magazine, 18-23.  https://myclass.norquest.ca/

    Fulton-Lyne, L. (n.d.). A beautiful poem. https://myclass.norquest.ca/

    Cite what you see. If there is missing information, follow APA guidance: Missing Reference Information or ask your Instructor.

     

    Format

    Author, A. (Year). Title of dataset italics [Description in brackets]. Publisher. DOI or URL

    Example

    Bashir, R.N. (2023). Horticulture recommendation system [Dataset]. IEEE Dataport. https://dx.doi.org/10.21227/b24r-z076

    City of Edmonton. (2021). Average monthly residential water consumption by neighbourhood 2016 - map view [Dataset]. City of Edmonton Open Data Portal. https://data.edmonton.ca/d/b7bj-t9wu


    • Date for unpublished data is the year(s) of collection
    • Provide a retrieval date at the end of the reference if the data set is designated to change over time
    • If there are multiple versions, note by including (Version #) behind the title. e.g. Title (Version #) [Description].
     
    • Use the dates of the conference in Year, Month Dates format, e.g. (2020, May 4-6). 

    Format

    Presenter, A. (Year, Month Dates). Title of contribution in italics [Type of contribution in brackets]. Conference Name, Location. DOI or URL

    Example

    Scmidt, J. (2018, May). Innovate this! Bullshit in academic libraries and what we can do about it [Paper presentation]. The Canadian Association of Professional Academic Librarians Conference, Regina, Saskatchewan. https://digital.library.ryerson.ca/islandora/object/RULA%3A7113 

     

    Format:

    Surname, A. (Year, Month Day). Title of PowerPoint in italics [PowerPoint slides]. Site Name. URL

    Example:

    Simmon, R. (2014, January 25). Four public speaking tips from standup comedians [PowerPoint slides]. Slideshare. https://www.slideshare.net/rosssimmonds/four-public-speaking-tips-from-standup-comedians

    Artificial Intelligence

     

    Format

    Name of Group. (Year). Title of work in italics (Version #) [Descriptor]. URL

    Example

    OpenAI. (2023). ChatGPT (Mar 23 version) [Large language model]. https://chat.openai.com/chat


    • Version: ChatGPT versions include the date. Other AI software may not include date, instead you may see something like (Version 3.8) instead.
    • Descriptor: OpenAI describes ChatGPT as a large language mode. Other AI developers may describe their software differently which should be reflected in brackets.

    These guidelines are based on how to cite software according to APA Citation Style. For an explanation of each element (Name of Group, Date, etc.), visit https://apastyle.org/blog/how-to-citechatgpt


    In-text citations:

    Format: (Name of Group, Year)

    Example: (OpenAI, 2023)

     

    Text generated by ChatGPT cannot be retrieved in the same ways as an article or website. This means the person reading your paper won't be able to trace back to the source you used to verify your quoted or paraphrased text. However, you are responsible for clearly stating where ideas, facts, and statements come from. It is recommend that you identify the source within your writing. For example:

     

    When prompted with the command, "Write a sentence about how cold Canadian winters are," ChatGPT generated the following text: "Canadian winters are notoriously cold and snowy, with temperatures often dropping well below freezing and snowfall lasting for several months" (OpenAI, 2023).

     

    If you prompted the software to create a lengthy piece of text to consult, best practice would be to include the entire output as an Appendix to the assignment. For example:

    Regarding long-term winter weather changes, ChatGPT noted, "winters are generally becoming milder and warmer in many parts of the world, including in many regions of Canada" (OpenAI, 2023; see Appendix A for the full transcript).

     

     

    In-text:

    Figure # 

    AI Generated Image 

    image of a white square

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Note. Image generated by the prompt "Canadian Winter," by OpenAI, DALL-E, 2023.


    Reference: 

    Format: 

    Name of Group. (Year). Title of work (Version #) [Descriptor]. URL 

    Example:  

    OpenAI. (2023). DALL-E (Version 2) [Large language model]. https://labs.openai.com