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APA 7th edition

Books

  • Books & ebooks are referenced in the same manner unless an ebook has a DOI, as in the example below.
 

Format:

Surname, A. A. (Year). Title in italics: Subtitle if there is one. Publisher name. https://doi.org/10.xxxxxxx

Example:

Toki, V. (2018). Indigenous courts, self-determination and criminal justice. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351239622

 

Format:

Surname, A. A. (Year Published). Title of books in italics: Subtitle. Publisher.

Example:

Balzer-Riley, J. W. (2012). Communication in nursing. Elsevier/Mosby. 

 

Include all authors/editors:

Format:

Surname, A.A., Surname, B.B., Surname, C.C., Surname, D.D., & Surname, E.E. (Year of Publication). Title of books in italics: Subtitle. Publisher. 

Example:

Doenges, M. E., Moorhouse, M. F., & Murr, A. C. (2015). Nurse's pocket guide: Diagnoses, prioritized interventions, and rationales (3rd ed.). F.A. Davis. 

 

Include the first 19 authors, use ellipses, and then the last author on the list.

Format:

Surname, A., Surname, B., Surname, C., Surname, D., Surname, E., Surname, F., Surname, G., Surname, H., Surname, I., Surname, J., Surname, K., Surname, L., Surname, M., Surname, N., Surname, O., Surname, P., Surname, Q., Surname, R., Surname, S.,  ... Surname, Z. (Year). Title of the book in italics: Subtitle if there is one. Publisher.

 

Format:

Title in italics: Subtitle if there is one (xx ed.). (Year). Publisher. 

Example:

Mosby's dictionary of medicine, nursing & health professions (10th ed.). (2017). Elsevier. 

 

List up to 20 editors, acknowledge their role with (Eds.). If there are more than 20 editors: list first 19, use ellipses, final editor, and then (Eds.)

Format:

Surname, A.A., Surname, B.B., Surname, C.C., Surname, D.D. & Surname, E.E. (Eds.). (Year of Publication). Title of books in italics: Subtitle if there is one (Edition). Publisher. 

Example: 

Potter, P. A., Perry, A. G., Stockert, P. A., Hall, A. M., Astle, B. J., & Duggleby, W. (Eds.). (2019). Canadian fundamentals of nursing (9th ed.). Mosby/Elsevier Canada.

 

Include Author information as Author, A. A. (Surname, Initials) and Editor information as B. B. Editor (Initials, Surname):

Format:

Author, A. A. (Year). Title in italics: Subtitle if there is one. A. Editor (Ed.). Publisher. 

Example:

Graff, G. (2015). "They say/I say": Moves that matter in academic writing, with readings. C. Birkenstein & R. K Russell. (Eds.). W. W. Norton & Company.

 

Author name written in Surname, A. format. Editor information in A. Surname format.

Format:

Author, A., Author, B., & Author, C. (Year). Title of chapter. In E.E. Editor & F.F. Editor (Eds.), Title of book in italics (x ed., pp. x-xx). Publisher Name. 

Example: 

McCance, K. L., Grey, T. C., & Rodway, G. (2014). Altered cellular and tissue biology. In K. L. McCance, S. E. Huether, V. L. Brashers, & N. S. Rote (Eds.), Pathophysiology: The biologic basis for disease in adults and children (7th ed., pp. 49-102). Mosby Elsevier.

 

Reprinted materials

  • Include original publication information which is typically provided in the chapter preface or the biographical notes. Thoroughly look for information and cite what you see. Provide as much source information you can with information provided but do not use Google to complete the reference.
  • If issue number is provided for journal reprints, place in [square brackets] to avoid nested parentheses: (4))
 

Format

Author, A. (Year). Title of reprinted material: Include subtitle if there is one. In E. Editor (Ed.), Title of collection in italics: Subtitle if there is one (x ed., pp. xx-xx). (Reprinted from Magazine in italics, Year, source information)

Example:

Gladwell, M. (2017). None of the above: What I.Q. doesn't tell you about race. In L. Buzzard, D. LePan, N. Ruddock, & A. Stuart (Eds.), The Broadview anthology of expository prose (3rd Canadian ed., pp. 412-419). Broadview Press. (Reprinted from The New Yorker Magazine, 2007, December 17)

 

Format

Author, A. (Year). Title of reprinted material: Include subtitle if there is one. In E. Editor (Ed.), Title of collection in italics: Subtitle if there is one (x ed., pp. xx-xx). (Reprinted from Journal name in italics, Year, source information)

Example

Milgram, S. (2017). Behavioral study of obedience. In L. Buzzard, D. LePan, N. Ruddock, & A. Stuart (Eds.), The Broadview anthology of expository prose (3rd Canadian ed., pp. 137-147). Broadview Press. (Reprinted from Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1963, 67[4])

Format

Author, A. (Year). Title of reprinted material: Include subtitle if there is one. In E. Editor (Ed.), Title of collection in italics: Subtitle if there is one (x ed., pp. xx-xx). (Reprinted from Book title in italics, Year, source information)

Example

Showalter, E. (2017). Representing Ophelia: Women, madness, and the responsibilities of feminist criticism. In L. Buzzard, D. LePan, N. Ruddock, & A. Stuart (Eds.), The Broadview anthology of expository prose (3rd Canadian ed., pp. 250-265). Broadview Press. (Reprinted from Shakespeare and the question of theory, 1985, Methuen & Co.)

Classical works

 

Format:

Surname, A. A. (Year). Title in italics: Subtitle if there is one. Publisher name. https://doi.org/10.xxxxxxx

Example:

Toki, V. (2018). Indigenous courts, self-determination and criminal justice. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351239622

Religious works

 

Format:

Surname, A. A. (Year). Title in italics: Subtitle if there is one. Publisher name. https://doi.org/10.xxxxxxx

Example:

Toki, V. (2018). Indigenous courts, self-determination and criminal justice. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351239622

Indigenous Elders & Knowledge Keepers

 

Note: This is an internally developed reference template.

Format:

Last name, First initial., Nation/Community. Treaty Territory if applicable. Where they live if applicable. Topic/subject of communication if applicable. personal communication. Month Date, Year.

Example:

Cardinal, D., Goodfish Lake Cree Nation. Treaty 6. Lives in Edmonton. Oral teaching. personal communication. April 4, 2004.

Note: If you would like to approach an Elder or Knowledge Keeper for teachings, remember to follow protocol or if you are unsure what their protocol is, please ask them ahead of time.

Nursing Resources

Include reference entries for each drug:

Reference:

Vallerand, A. H., Sanoski, C. A., & Deglin, J. H. (Eds.). (2017). Betablockers. In Davis’s drug guide for nurses (15th ed., pp 65-66). F.A. Davis.

In-text citation: 

Contradictions of beta blockers include "....." (Vallerand et al., 2017, p. 66).

When citing one or two chapters

Reference the chapter(s) and cite the author(s). List up to 20 authors as you see them, beginning with Canadian contributors first.

Reference: 

Andrews, M.E., Luimes, J., & Stockert, P.A. (2019). Health assessment and physical examination. In P. A. Potter, A.G. Perry, P.A. Stockert, A.M. Hall, Astle, B.J., Duggleby, W. Canadian Fundamentals of Nursing, (6th ed., pp. 611-682). Elsevier.

In-text citation:

"The inner ear contains the cochlea, vestibule, and semicircular canals (Andrews et al., 2019, p. 634).


When citing multiple chapters

Reference: Reference the textbook in a single entry.

Potter, P. A., Perry, A. G., Stockert, P. A., Hall, A. M., Astle, B. J., & Duggleby, W. (Eds.). (2019). Canadian fundamentals of nursing (9th ed.). Mosby/Elsevier Canada.

In-text citations refer to Potter & Perry and not the authors or editors of the chapter you cite:

"Evidence-informed nursing deemphasizes ritual, isolated, and unsystematic clinical experiences" (Potter & Perry, 2019, p. 85).

When citing one or two sections, include individual reference and cite accordingly:

Reference: 

Curchoe, R.M. (2020). Risk for infection. In B. J. Ackley, G. B. Ladwig, M. B. Flynn Makic, M. R. Martinez-Kratz, & M. Zanotti (Eds.), Nursing diagnosis handbook: An evidence-based guide to planning care, (12th ed., pp. 546). Elsevier.

In-text citation: "invasion and multiplication of pathogenic organisms" (Curchoe, 2020, p. 546). 


When you need to cite multiple sections
   Cite the section as a secondary source/indirect quote:
  1. Refer to book editors in the "as cited in..." portion of the in-text citation.
  2. Add specific page numbers in the in-text citation to make it clear what section you are using, regardless of paraphrase or direct quote:
    Author (2020) .... (as cited in Editor, 2020, pg number)
  3. Write the reference as an edited book so that there is only one reference for this source

In-text citation:

McCaffrey (2020) .... (as cited in Ackley et al., 2020, p. 144). McAlister & Bloom (2020) .... (as cited in Ackely et al., 2020, p. 587). Kleiner (2020) ... (as cited in Ackley et al., 2020, p. 499). 

Reference:

Ackley, B. J., Ladwig, G. B., Flynn Makic, M. B., Martinez-Kratz, M. R., & Zanotti, M. (Eds.). (2020). Nursing diagnosis handbook : an evidence-based guide to planning care (12th ed.). Elsevier.

Include reference entries for each drug:

Reference

Clavulin. (2020, January 28). In RxTx. https://www.myrxtx.ca/search

In-text:

(Clavulin, 2020)